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1971: The Year Hollywood Went Independent
Institute of Contemporary Arts
19 August – 2 September 2021

Following the success of Dennis Hopper’s Easy Rider in the late 1960s, Hollywood was interrogating its model and gave their chance to outsiders, mavericks and cultural renegades. 1971 marked their zenith. 

Works in the likes of Monte Hellman’s Two-Lane Blacktop produced by Universal, Alan J. Pakula’s Klute and Robert Altman’s McCabe and Mrs Miller both produced by Warner Bros., Bob Rafelson’s Five Easy Pieces and Peter Bogdanovich’s The Last Picture Show both produced by Sony, all released in 1971, reveal a parallel Hollywood universe of personal, complex, nuanced and countercultural cinema.  

Women were key to this creative moment whether in front of the camera: Jane Fonda (Klute), Julie Christie (McCabe and Mrs Miller) and Cloris Leachman; or behind the camera: Polly Platt (The Last Picture Show) and scriptwriter Carole Eastman (Five Easy Pieces). From the perspective of 2021, these films give a glimpse of a personal, complex, nuanced cinema before it was overshadowed by the tentpole release and offer a unique perspective on America and American film. 
Presented by Cinema Rediscovered and Park Circus as part of Cinema Rediscovered on Tour, a Watershed project with support from BFI awarding funds from The National Lottery and MUBI.

Set during the early fifties, in the loneliest Texas nowheresville, Peter Bogdanovich’s elegy to cinema focuses on the daily shuffles of three futureless teens.

Suffused with paranoia by the conspiracy-thriller specialist Alan J. Pakula, Klute saw Jane Fonda bring counterculture style to the role of Bree Daniels – a call girl and aspiring actor who becomes the centre of a missing-person investigation.

Following his breakout turn in Easy Rider, rising star Jack Nicholson gives an extraordinary performance as Bobby Dupea; a shiftless thirty-something oil rigger and former piano prodigy immune to any sense of responsibility, who returns to reckoning at his upper-middle-class childhood home.

Robert Altman’s atmospheric 1971 Western is recognised as one of the director’s true masterpieces.

Monte Hellman’s open road epic remains a timeless, existential portrait of lives in transit and of a country questioning its identity in the early 1970s.